Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Extra Questions Social Science Civics Chapter 8
NCERT Extra Questions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods
Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type
Rural Livelihood Class 6 Worksheet Question 1.
Where is Kalpattu village situated?
Kalpattu village is situated close to the coast in Tamil Nadu.
Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Extra Questions Question 2.
What works do the people of this village do?
- Making Baskets
Rural Livelihood Class 6 Extra Questions Question 3.
What are the main sources of livelihood of some families in the village?
- Some of the people rear cows and sell milk either to the milk societies or take milk to nearby town for selling.
- In coastal areas people are busy with fishing.
Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Extra Questions Short Answer Type
Rural Livelihood Class 6 Extra Questions And Answers Question 1.
Which other works/services do the people of the village provide?
People engaged in services.
- Cycle repairs
- Some shopkeepers and traders.
Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Extra Questions And Answers Question 2.
What types of shops are located in the main street which looks alike.
- Tea shops
- Grocery shops
- Barber shops
- Cloth shops
- Tailor shops
- Fertiliser and seed shops
Ncert Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Extra Questions Question 3.
How many tea shops are there in the village? What do they sell?
There are four tea shops in the village.
- Tiffin in the morning—Idli, Dosa, Upama.
- Snacks in the evening—Vadai, Bonda and Mysorepak.
Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Worksheet Question 4.
Describe other shops of the village Kalpattu.
Other shops of the village Kalpattu:
- He lives with his family.
- His house acts as workshop too.
- Next to the Blacksmith there is cycle hire and repair shop.
- Washerman’s shops; two families.
- Some people go to nearby town to work in construction work.
- Some work as lorry drivers.
Class 6 Civics Rural Livelihood Extra Questions Question 5.
Write some sentences on th ? work of agriculture.
- Agriculture is the main work of the village people. ’
- Paddy is the main crop grown in the irrigated fields.
- Other crops are cotton, sugarcane and plaintain.
- Some coconut groves are there.
- There are several mango orchards.
Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Extra Questions Question 6.
Why had Thulasi and Raman to sell their cow?
- Thulasi and Raman had school-going daughters. They lived with them with joy-
- One of the daughters fell ill last year.
- She was taken to the hospital for treatment.
- They borrowed money from Ramalingam for her treatment.
- They had to sell their cow for payment of loan they had borrowed from Ramalingam.
Class 6 Civics Ch 8 Extra Questions Question 7.
Why do the poor people in rural areas spend time doing non-earning works?
- The poor in the village/rural areas do not earn much money to meet their both ends or to survive with the little money they earn.
- They spend a lot of time on collecting firewood from forests, fetching water from distant bore well and grazing their cattle.
- These activities also save their money and fulfil their several needs.
Describe the life of the landless or agricultural labourers in rural areas.
Life of agricultural labourers in Rural India.
- Nearly 66.67% of the population in rural areas is agricultural labourer.
- Some of them have their own small plots of land which cannot give them enough to earn their livelihood. Most of them are landless.
- They have to go to distant places to find work. This travel is called migration.
Discuss the life of fishing communities during the period of 4 months of the monsoon.
- Four months of the monsoon are those months when fishermen do not go to sea for fishing as it is a breeding season for fish.
- During this period the fishermen survive by borrowing money from the traders.
- During fish catch period they have to sell their fish to the trader and can not auction the fish in open market.
- This lean period is very difficult period for the fishermen.
Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Extra Questions Long Answer Type
What are the problems of small farmers in rural areas according to Sekar?
According to Sekar the problems of small farmers in rural areas are enumerated as under:
- The farmer’s family does the whole work from sowing to harvesting of crops.
- They have to take the produce to their house.
- They have to sell the produce first to the moneylender at lower prices than the market prices.
- The remaining produce is enough for only 2 months. They have to work as labourer for earning money for 4 months. They may work in rice mill or in other places.
- They also rear cattle for milk to be sold in the market to earn money.
Why do farming communities commit suicide in some areas?
In some areas farming communities commit suicide due to the following reasons:
- Farmers very often take loan from moneylenders for purchase of seeds, fertilisers and pesticides.
- Sometimes seeds are not good while on the other occasions pests damage crops resulting in crop failure.
- Bad monsoon also damages, crops.
- The farmers have to borrow more money for their daily needs.
- Loan goes on mounting and there is no way before the farmers to repay loan.
- They become helpless and sometimes they commit suicide.
Read the following account (terrace farming in Nagaland) and answer the questions that follow it:
Terrace Farming in Nagaland:
This is a village called Chizami which is in Phek district in Nagaland. The people of this village belong to the Chakhesang community. They do ‘terrace’ cultivation.
This means that the land on a hill slope is made into flat plots and carved out in steps. The sides of each plot are raised in order to retain water. This allows water to stand in the field, which is best for rice cultivation.
The people of Chizami have their own individual fields. But, they also work collectively in each other’s fields. They form groups of six or eight and take an entire mountainside to clean the weeds on it.
Each group eats together once their work for the day is over. This goes on for several days until the work is completed.
- Which village is referred to in the picture above? Where is it located?
- Which community do the villagers of this village belong to?
- What type of farming do they practise?
- For what is this practice the best?
- Why do the people of Chizami work collectively?
1. Chizami in Phek district of Nagaland.
3. Terrace cultivation (farming)
4. Rice cultivation
5. To carry out the farming activities.
To clean the mountain side of the weeds.
Describe the life of fishing communities.
Life of Fishing Communities.
- Fishing communities live in their houses close to the sea.
- They have catamarans and nets lying around.
- The catamarans leave for sea at around 2 o’clock in the morning for fishing and return at 7 o’clock with fish catch.
- Women gather to buy and sell fish.
- The women keep some fish aside for their family.
- The rest they sell and auction.
- Money collected from auction is divided in shares equally among the fishermen who bring catch from the sea.
- One share more is given to the owner of the catamaran, engine and net.
- Women who buy the catch, keep the catch in baskets and go to the nearby villages for sale of the fish.
- Traders also buy fish from the acution point to sell fish in the market or for export.
- In the evening catamaran and nets are repaired by the menfolk.
Give an account of the ways of earning livelihood in rural areas.
- Various ways of earning livelihood in rural areas:
- Farm and non-farm activities.
- Farm activities involve the following:
- Preparing the land.
- Farmers depend on nature for growth of crops. Hence life revolves round certain seasons.
- Different crops are raised in different regions.
- However there are similarities in their situation and problems they face.
- Some people work as labourers on the farmland and earn their living.
- Other ways of livelihood are fishing, crafts etc.
- Aruna and Paarivelan represent the fishing community.
Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Extra Questions Multiple Choice Questions
Choose the correct option:
In which state of India is the village Kalpattu located?
(a) Tamil Nadu
Which type of food do the people of Tamil Nadu eat?
(d) All of these
All of these
By which land features is the village surrounded?
(a) By low hills
(b) By high mountains
(c) By a group of rivers
(d) By streams
By low hills
What is the main crop of village Kalpattu?
(c) Sweet com
What is working time in Paddy fields in Kalpattu?
(a) 8.30 AM – 4.30 PM
(b) 10.00 AM – 5.00 PM
(c) 7.00 AM – 2.00 PM
(d) None of these
8.30 AM – 4.30 PM
How much land does Ramalingam have?
(a) 20 acres
(b) 30 acres
(c) 40 acres
(d) 60 acres
Who is the supervisor of the field?
(b) Ramalingam’s wife
(d) All of these
Giving water to the crops is known as
How much did Ramalingam pay to his workers?
(a) 100 rupees per day
(b) 50 rupees per day
(c) 40 rupees per day
(d) 30 rupees per day
40 rupees per day
Which animal’s milk does Ramalingam sell in local milk cooperative?
(a) Of hybrid – Cow
(b) Of hybrid – Goat
(c) Of hybrid – Camel
(d) Of hybrid – Buffalo
Of hybrid – Cow
If the farmer fails in repayment of loan he commits
(d) all of these
What does Ramalingam do with the rice produce in his rice mills?
(a) He distributes it to the poors
(b) He sells it to traders in nearby towns
(c) He sells it to government sector
(d) He sells it to villagers
He sells it to traders in nearby towns
What is basic occupation of 80% of Indians?
Who was Thulasi?
(a) Agricultural labour
(d) None of these
What is the main occupation of people living in rural areas?
(a) Working on farms
(b) Working in banks
(c) Working at shops
(d) None of these
Working on farms