## Important Questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 11 Constructions

### Constructions Class 10 Important Questions Short Answer-I (2 Marks)

Construction Class 10 Extra Questions Chapter 11 Question 1.
Draw a line segment of length 6 cm. Using compasses and ruler, find a point P on it which divides it in the ratio 3 : 4. (2011D)
Solution:

Hence, PA : PB = 3 : 4

Construction Class 10 Important Questions Chapter 11 Question 2.
Draw a line segment AB of length 7 cm. Using ruler and compasses, find a point P on AB such that $$\frac{\mathbf{A} \mathbf{P}}{\mathbf{A B}}=\frac{3}{5}$$. (2011OD)
Solution:
AB = 7 cm, AB = $$\frac{\mathbf{A} \mathbf{P}}{\mathbf{A B}}=\frac{3}{5}$$ … [Given
âˆ´ AP : PB = 3 : 2

Hence, AP : AB = 3 : 5 or $$\frac{\mathbf{A} \mathbf{P}}{\mathbf{A B}}=\frac{3}{5}$$

### Constructions Class 10 Important Questions Short Answer-II (3 Marks)

Class 10 Construction Extra Questions Chapter 11 Question 3.
Draw a triangle ABC in which AB = 5 cm, BC = 6 cm and âˆ ABC = 60Â°. Then construct a triangle whose sides are $$\frac{5}{7}$$ times the corresponding sides of âˆ†ABC. (2011D)
Solution:
In âˆ†ABC
AB = 5 cm
BC = 6 cm
âˆ ABC = 60Â°

Hence, âˆ†A’BC’ is the required âˆ†.

Construction Extra Questions Class 10 Chapter 11 Question 4.
Construct a triangle with sides 5 cm, 5.5 cm and 6.5 cm. Now construct another triangle, whose sides are $$\frac{3}{5}$$ times the corresponding sides of the given triangle. (20140D)
Solution:

âˆ´ âˆ†AB’C’ is the required âˆ†.

Construction Class 10 Important Questions With Solutions Question 5.
Construct a right triangle in which the sides, (other than the hypotenuse) are of length 6 cm and 8 cm. Then construct another triangle, whose sides are $$\frac{3}{5}$$ times the corresponding sides of the given triangle. (2012D)
Solution:
Here AB = 8 cm, BC = 6 cm and
Ratio = $$\frac{3}{5}$$ of corresponding sides

âˆ´ âˆ†AB’C’ is the required triangle.

Construction Questions Class 10 Chapter 11 Question 6.
Draw a triangle PQR such that PQ = 5 cm, âˆ P = 120Â° and PR = 6 cm. Construct another triangle whose sides are $$\frac{3}{4}$$ times the corresponding sides of âˆ†PQR. (2011D)
Solution:
In âˆ†PQR,
PQ = 5 cm, PR = 6 cm, âˆ P = 120Â°

âˆ´ âˆ†POÊ»R’ is the required âˆ†.

Construction Class 10 Questions Chapter 11 Question 7.
Draw a triangle ABC with BC = 7 cm, âˆ B = 45Â° and âˆ C = 60Â°. Then construct another triangle, whose sides are $$\frac{3}{5}$$ times the corresponding sides of âˆ†ABC. (2012OD)
Solution:
Here, BC = 7 cm, âˆ B = 45Â°, âˆ C = 60Â° and ratio is $$\frac{3}{5}$$ times of corresponding sides

âˆ´ âˆ†A’BC’ is the required triangle.

Constructions Class 10 Extra Questions Chapter 11 Question 8.
Construct a triangle with sides 5 cm, 4 cm and 6 cm. Then construct another triangle whose sides are $$\frac{2}{3}$$ times the corresponding sides of first triangle. (2013D)
Solution:

Steps of Construction:

• Draw âˆ†ABC with AC = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm, BC = 4 cm.
• Draw ray AX making an acute angle with AÃ‡.
• Locate 3 equal points A1, A2, A3 on AX.
• Join CA3.
• Join A2C’ || CA3.
• From point C’ draw B’C’ || BC.

âˆ´ âˆ†AB’C’ is the required triangle.

Class 10 Maths Ch 11 Extra Questions Question 9.
Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 3 cm, which are inclined to each other at an angle of 60Â°. (2011OD)
Solution:

âˆ´ PA & PB are the required tangents.

Class 10 Maths Chapter 11 Extra Questions Question 10.
Construct a tangent to a circle of radius 4 cm from a point on the concentric circle of radius 6 cm. (2013D)
Solution:

Steps of Construction:
Draw two circles with radius OA = 4 cm and OP = 6 cm with O as centre. Draw âŠ¥ bisector of OP at M. Taking M as centre and OM as radius draw another circle intersecting the smaller circle at A and B and touching the bigger circle at P. Join PA and PB. PA and PB are the required tangents.
Verification:
In rt. âˆ†OAP,
OA2 + AP2 = OP2 … [Pythagoras’ theorem
(4)2 + (AP)2 = (6)2
AP2 = 36 – 16 = 20
AP = + $$\sqrt{20}=\sqrt{4 \times 5}$$
= $$2 \sqrt{5}$$ = 2(2.236) = 4.472 = 4.5 cm
By measurement, âˆ´ PA = PB = 4.5 cm

Question 11.
Draw a pair of tangents to a circle of radius 4.5 cm, which are inclined to each other at an angle of 45Â°. (2013OD)
Solution:

Draw âˆ AOB = 135Â°, âˆ OAP = 90Â°, âˆ OBP = 90Â°
âˆ´ PA and PB are the required tangents.

Question 12.
Draw two tangents to a circle of radius 3.5 cm, from a point P at a distance of 6.2 cm from its cehtre. (2013OD)
Solution:
OP = OC + CP = 3.5 + 2.7 = 6.2 cm

Hence AP & PB are the required tangents.

Question 13.
Draw a right triangle ABC in which AB = 6 cm, BC = 8 cm and âˆ B = 90Â°. Draw BD perpendicular from B on AC and draw a circle passing through the points B, C and D. Construct tangents from A to this circle. (2014D, 2015OD)
Solution:

Steps of Construction:

• Draw BC = 8 cm.
• From B draw an angle of 90Â°.
• Draw an arc BA = 6 cm cutting the angle at A.
• Join AC. âˆ´ âˆ†ABC is the required âˆ†.
• Draw âŠ¥ bisector of BC cutting BC at M.
• Take Mas centre and BM as radius, draw a circle.
• Take A as centre and AB as radius draw an arc cutting the circle at E. Join AE.

AB and AE are the required tangents.
Justification: âˆ ABC = 90Â° …[Given
Since, OB is a radius of the circle.
âˆ´ AB is a tangent to the circle.
Also, AE is a tangent to the circle.

Question 14.
Draw a line segment AB of length 8 cm. Taking A as centre, draw a circle of radius 4 cm and taking B as centre, draw another circle of radius 3 cm. Construct tangents to each circle from the centre of the other circle. (2014OD)
Solution:

Draw two circles on A and B as asked.
Z is the mid-point of AB.
From Z, draw a circle taking ZA = ZB as radius,
so that the circle intersects the bigger circle at M and N and smaller circle at X and Y.
Join AX and AY, BM and BN.
BM, BN are the reqd. tangents from external point B.
AX, AY are the reqd. tangents from external point A.
Justification:
âˆ AMB = 90Â° …[Angle in a semi-circle
Since, AM is a radius of the given circle.
âˆ´ BM is a tangent to the circle
Similarly, BN, AX and AY are also tangents.

### Constructions Class 10 Important Questions Long Answer (4 Marks).

Question 15.
Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 7 cm, âˆ B = 45Â° and âˆ†A = 105Â°. Then construct a triangle whose sides are $$\frac{3}{5}$$times the corresponding sides of âˆ†ABC. (2011D)
Solution:
In âˆ†ABC, âˆ A + âˆ B + âˆ C = 180Â° … [angle sum property of a âˆ†
105Â° + 45Â° + C = 180Â°
âˆ C = 180Â° – 105Â° – 45o = 30Â°
BC = 7 cm

âˆ´ âˆ†A’BC’ is the required âˆ†.

Question 16.
Draw a triangle ABC with side BC = 6 cm, âˆ C = 30Â° and âˆ A = 105Â°. Then construct another triangle whose sides are $$\frac{2}{3}$$ times the corresponding sides of âˆ†ABC. (2012D)
Solution:
Here, BC = 6 cm, âˆ A = 105o and âˆ C = 30Â°

In âˆ†ABC,
âˆ A + âˆ B + âˆ C = 180Â° …[Angle-sum-property of a âˆ†
105Â° + âˆ B + 30o = 180Â°
âˆ B = 180Â° – 105Â° – 30o = 45Â°
âˆ´ âˆ†A’BC’ is the required âˆ†.

Question 17.
Draw a triangle with sides 5 cm, 6 cm and 7 cm. Then construct another triangle whose sides are $$\frac{2}{3}$$ times the corresponding sides of the first triangle. (2012OD)
Solution:
Here, AB = 5 cm, BC = 7 cm, AC = 6 cm and ratio is $$\frac{2}{3}$$ times of corresponding sides.

âˆ´ âˆ†A’BC’ is the required triangle.

Question 18.
Construct an isosceles triangle whose base is 6 cm and altitude 4 cm. Then construct another triangle whose sides are $$\frac{3}{4}$$ times the corresponding sides of the isosceles triangle. (2015D)
Solution:

âˆ´ âˆ†A’BC’ is the required triangle.

Question 19.
Draw a line segment AB of length 7 cm. Taking A as centre, draw a circle of radius 3 cm and taking B as centre, draw another circle of radius 2 cm. Construct tangents to each circle from the centre of the other circle. (2015D)
Solution:

Draw two circles on A and B as asked.
Z is the mid-point of AB.
From Z, draw a circle taking ZA = ZB as radius,
so that the circle intersects the bigger circle at M and N and smaller circle at X and Y.
Join AX and AY, BM and BN.
BM, BN are the required tangents from external point B.
AX, AY are the required tangents from external point A.
Justification:
âˆ AMB = 90Â° …[Angle in a semi-circle
Since, AM is a radius of the given circle.
âˆ´BM is a tangent to the circle
Similarly, BN, AX and AY are also tangents.

Question 20.
Construct a âˆ†ABC in which AB = 6 cm, âˆ A = 30Â° and âˆ†B = 60Â°. Construct another âˆ†AB’C’ similar to âˆ†ABC with base AB’ = 8 cm. (2015OD)
Solution:

Steps of construction:

• Draw a âˆ†ABC with side AB = 6 cm, âˆ A = 30Â° and âˆ B = 60Â°.
• Draw a ray AX making an acute angle with AB on the opposite side of point C.
• Locate points A1, A2, A3 and A4 on AX.
• Join A3B. Draw a line through A4 parallel to A3B intersecting extended AB at B’.
• Draw a line parallel to BC intersecting ray AY at C’.

Hence, âˆ†AB’C’ is the required triangle.

Question 21.
Construct a triangle ABC in which AB = 5 cm, BC = 6 cm and âˆ ABC = 60Â°. Now construct another triangle whose sides are $$\frac{5}{7}$$ times the corresponding sides of âˆ†ABC. (2015OD)
Solution:
In âˆ†ABC, AB = 5 cm; BC = 6 cm; âˆ ABC = 60Â°

âˆ´ âˆ†A’BC’ is the required âˆ†.

Question 22.
Construct a triangle ABC in which BC = 6 cm, AB = 5 cm and âˆ ABC = 60Â°. Then construct another triangle whose sides are $$\frac{3}{4}$$ times the corresponding sides of âˆ†ABC. (2016D)
Solution:

Steps of Construction:

• Draw âˆ†ABC with the given data.
• Draw a ray BX downwards making an acute angle with BC.
• Locate 4 points B1, B2, B3, B4, on BX, such that BB1 = B1B2 = B2B3 = B3B4.
• Join CB4.
• From B3 draw a line C’B3 || CB4 intersecting BC at C’.
• From C’ draw A’C’ || AC intersecting AB at B’.

Then âˆ†AB’C’ in the required triangle.
Justification:

Question 23.
Draw a triangle ABC with BC = 7 cm, âˆ B = 45Â° and âˆ A = 105Â°. Then construct a triangle whose sides are $$\frac{4}{5}$$ times the corresponding sides of âˆ†ABC. (2016D)
Solution:
In âˆ†ABC, âˆ A + âˆ B + âˆ C = 180Â° ..[Angle-sum-property of a âˆ†
105Â° + 45Â° + âˆ C = 180Â°
âˆ C = 180Â° – 105Â° – 45o = 30Â°

âˆ´ A’BC’ is the required triangle.

Question 24.
Draw an isosceles âˆ†ABC in which BC = 5.5 cm and altitude AL = 3 cm. Then construct another triangle whose sides are $$\frac{3}{4}$$ of the corresponding sides of âˆ†ABC. (2016OD)
Solution:

âˆ´ âˆ†ABC’ is the required âˆ†.

Question 25.
Draw a triangle with sides 5 cm, 6 cm and 7 cm. Then draw another triangle whose sides are $$\frac{4}{5}$$ of the corresponding sides of first triangle. (2016OD)
Solution:

âˆ´ âˆ†A’BC’ is the required âˆ†.

Question 26.
Draw two concentric cirlces of radii 3 cm and 5 cm. Construct a tangent to smaller circle from a point on the larger circle. Also measure its length. (2016D)
Solution:
We have, OD = 3 cm and OP = 5 cm

PA and PB are the required tangents
By measurement PA = PB = 4 cm.

Question 27.
Draw a circle of radius 4 cm. Draw two tangents to the circle inclined at an angle of 60Â° to each other. (2013, 2016OD)
Solution:
Draw a circle with O as centre and radius 4 cm.
Draw any âˆ AOB = 120Â°. From A and B draw âˆ PAO = âˆ PBO = 90Â° which meet at P.

âˆ´ PA and PB are the required tangents.