CBSE Class 7 English Grammar – Modals

CBSE Class 7 English Grammar – Modals

Modals Class 7 CBSE

Definition of Modals

Basically, modals are auxiliary verbs that express the mode of action denoted by the main verb.

  1.  He can do this work.
  2.  She may pass the exam.
  3.  They would appear in the party.

In the above sentences, the bold words are modals. They express the mode of action of the main verbs in t’he sentence.
CBSE Class 7 English Grammar - Modals

Uses of Modals
The usage of these modals are as given below

‘Can’ is used in the following ways

  1. To express ability or power.
    1. He can read this language.
    2. He can lift this heavy box.
  2. To express permission.
    1. You can eat this chocolate.
    2. She can never enter this house.


‘Could’ is used in the following ways,

  1. To show power or ability in past.
    1. She could dance well in youth
    2. We could complete this task.
  2. To show possibility in past.
    1. She could buy a pen if she had money.
    2. Ramu could play cricket if there had been no rain.
  3.  To make a polite request.
    1. Could you help me now?
    2. Could they spare that meat?
  4. To show condition.
    1. If we had got up earlier, we could have completed this.
    2. We could have seen the match if there had been electricity supply. (Condition)

Modals For Class 7 CBSE 

‘May’ is used in the following ways

  1. To express permission, possibility.
    1. May I go there? (Permission)
    2. It may rain heavily. (Possibility)
  2.  To express wish, prayer.
    1. May you live long ! (Wish)
    2. May God bless you with fortune ! (Prayer)
  3.  To express purpose.
    1. She works that she may prosper.
    2. We study that we may pass in the exam.

‘Might’ is used in the following ways

  1. To show permission, possibility in the past.
    1. The leader told us that we might spend this amount. (Permission)
    2. I might be sent to the hostel. (Possibility)
  2.  To express purpose in the past.
    1. He wore a scarf that he might not burn his skin.
    2. We rushed that we might not miss our train.
  3. To make a request.
    1. If possible, you might bring me a glass of water.
    2. Condition allowing, they might be seeking a favour from me.
  4.  To make suggestion or criticism.
    1. They might look for other venues. (Suggestion)
    2. She might have picked other issues. (Criticism)

Class 7 Modals CBSE 

‘Would’ is used in the following ways

  1. To show past habit and unreal condition.
    1. He would rise at 5 O’ Clock. (Past habit)
    2. What would you like to have? Tea or coffee.
  2. To make a polite request.
    1. Would you lend me your pen?
    2. Would you give me your scooter?

Should or Ought to
‘Should’ is used in the following ways

  1. To express duty and obligation.
    1. The police should protect us. (Duty)
    2. You should respect your parents. (Obligation)
  2.  To show advice, suggestion.
    1. They should follow the rules. (Suggestion)
    2. You should take medicine. (Advice)
  3.  To express imagination.
    1. Should you lose your money, go to ATM.
    2. Should you forget password, retry then.
  4.  To express probability, polite command.
    1. She should be in the library. (Probability)
    2. You should play the game fairly. (Polite command)

Modal Verbs Class 7 CBSE

‘Must’ is used in the following ways

  1. To show prohibition, compulsion.
    1. You must not touch this.
    2. She must feel sorry for you.
  2. To show necessity or obligation.
    1. Team must win the game.
    2. You must pay your bill on time.
  3.  To show the strong advice.
    1. Police must take care of emotions of the criminals.
    2. Leaders must promise what is viable to them.

‘Shall’ and ‘Will’ are used in the following ways

  1.  Shall 1st person subject-I, We
  2.  Will 2nd and 3rd person subject – You, he, she, it, they.
    But, to show the emphasis, it can be interchanged with each other.
    Therefore, when one needs to show determination then the usage with the auxiliary would be
  3.  Will 1st person subject-I, we
  4. Shall 2nd and 3rd person subject – You, he, she, it, , they.

    1. I shall go. (Simple future)
    2. I will go. (Determination))
    3. She will win. (Simple future)
    4. She shall win. (Emphasized act)

Class 7 English Grammar Modals

‘Need’ is used in the following ways

  1. To express prohibition.
    1. She need not use that computer.
    2. They need not manipulate the files.
  2.  To express doubt.
    1. Need I go there.
    2. Need we plan in advance.


  1. To express a negation with interrogation.
    1. How dare you touch my pen?
    2. She dare not play tennis with me.

Used to

  1.  To express a past habit.
    1. She used to go to perform in movies or a dramas.
    2. I used to play cricket in 2005.
  2. To express a habit of present that has its roots in the past.
    1. My grandfather is not used to sweets.
    2. I am used to a life full of struggle.

Practice Questions and Solutions

Modal Class 7 CBSE Question 1:
Choose the most suitable answer to fill in the blank. Write its number (a), (b), (c) or (d) in the answers.

  1.  You are late. You ……………….. hurry.
    (a) can                 (b) must
    (c) will                 (d) may
  2.  “……………….. I have a piece of cake, please?” I asked.
    (a) Shall              (b) May
    (c) Will                (d) Must
  3.  The little boy ……………….. speak very well.
    (a) would            (b) can
    (c) shall              (d) need
  4.  We didn’t have a car before. Now that we have a car, we ……………….. drive to many places.
    (a) need              (b) may
    (c) might            (d) can
  5.  You ……………….. keep the scissors away from the baby.
    (a) should           (b) will
    (c) need              (d) may
  6.  You ……………….. go home if you have completed your work.
    (a) shall              (b) may
    (c) need              (d) might
  7.  That plug is faulty. You ……………….. touch it.
    (a) mustn’t         (b) needn’t
    (c) couldn’t        (d) won’t
  8.  The two boys .………………. do well in the examinations. They are studying very hard.
    (a) must             (b) will
    (c) shall              (d) need
  9.  That man ……………….. be Mr Bo. Mr Bo is overseas.
    (a) shan’t           (b) needn’t
    (c) can’t             (d) won’t
  10.  Don’t listen to everything he says. He ……………….. be wrong.
    (a) shall             (b) can
    (c) must            (d) need


  1.  (b) must
  2.  (b) may
  3. (b) can
  4.  (d) can
  5.  (a) should
  6.  (b) may
  7.  (a) mustn’t
  8. (c) shall
  9.  (c) can’t
  10.  (b) can

Cbse Class 7 English Grammar Solutions Pdf Question 2:
Choose the most suitable answer to fill in the blank. Write its number (a), (b), (c) or (d) in the answers.

  1.  He’s still not here. He ……………….. have met with an accident.
    (a) should           (b) can
    (c) might             (d) shall
  2.  I wish I ……………….. be as intelligent as Einstein.
    (a) must             (b) could
    (c) should          (d) shall
  3.  We ……………….. bring any money because admission is free.
    (a) mustn’t           (b) couldn’t
    (c) can’t                (d) needn’t
  4.  This ……………….. be your book. It has your name on it.
    (a) can                (b) shall
    (c) need              (d) must
  5.  You ……………….. sleep early so you can wake up early.
    (a) should            (b) might
    (c) will                  (d) need
  6.  He ……………….. run very fast. He wins competitions easily.
    (a) would            (b) can
    (c) shall               (d) may
  7.  Please lower your voices so that the baby ……………….. not  be awakened.
    (a) ought            (b) may
    (c) must              (d) could
  8.  The dog ……………….. have eaten the food! I saw it near the food a while ago.
    (a) must              (b) ought
    (c) can                 (d) shall
  9.  You ……………….. to knock before you enter.
    (a) shall               (b) ought
    (c) may                (d) would
  10.  She ………………. most certainly help you if you ask her.
    (a) could             (b) ought
    (c) will                 (d) may


  1.  (c) might
  2.  (b) could
  3.  (d) needn’t
  4.  (d) must
  5.  (a) should
  6.  (b) can
  7.  (b) may
  8.  (a) must
  9.  (b) ought
  10.  (c) will

Modals Class 7 Pdf CBSE Question 3:
Use appropriate modals of probability, permission, obligation etc to fill in the blanks.

  1.  Every body ……………….. fulfil his or her duties towards the country.
  2.  The computer is not working. The supervisor ……………….. call an engineer, today.
  3.  The work is completed ……………….. I leave now?
  4.  Sugandha sings so beautifully. She ……………….. have taken classes of music.
  5.  I am not the right person to give you a permission to go. You ……………….. ask the Manager.
  6.  Vibha is not home today. She ……………….. have gone for dance practice.
  7.  ……………….. I request you to show me this file?
  8.  It is raining cats and dogs. This ……………….. cause flood in many areas.
  9.  He is not in his cabin. You ……………….. check if he is there in the lobby.
  10. ……………….. I, please, make a call from your phone?


  1.  must
  2.  might
  3.  may
  4.  must
  5.  may
  6. must
  7. May
  8. can/may
  9. can
  10. Could

Question 4:
Use appropriate modals of desire,
determination, necessity, prohibition etc to fill in the blanks.

  1.  I ……………….. like to go for boating as well as diving.
  2.  How ……………….. he enter my room?
  3.  Shipra applies sunscreen lotion everyday that she ……………….. not get her skin tanned.
  4.  We focus on our studies that we ……………….. not fail in our examinations.
  5.  Let whatever hardships may come in our way. One day, we ……………….. overcome.
  6.  His goggles are kept in the cupboard, but nobody ……………….. to touch them.
  7.  He ……………….. never allow anybody to wear them.
  8.  Sheveta is a little snobbish and naughty girl. We ……………….. not prank at her. She will get angry.
  9.  Don’t challenge me. If I try, she ……………….. come and talk to me politely.
  10.  ……………….. You like to try your hand at chess, madam?


  1.  would
  2.  dare
  3. may
  4.  may
  5.  shall/will
  6. dares
  7. would
  8. need
  9. shall
  10. Would
Noun Exercises For Class 7_

CBSE Class 7 English Grammar – Noun

CBSE Class 7 English Grammar – Noun

Noun Examples and Exercises for Class 7 CBSE

Definition of Noun
Naming word is noun.
A word used to show the name of person,thing, quality, idea or state is called noun.

  1. Jacob is a good athlete.              (Name of person)
  2. Nepal is a beautiful place.          (Name of place)
  3. I have got a glass bottle.             (Name of thing)
  4. Lovers like silence.                     (Name of quality)
  5. Death is inevitable.                     (Name of state)

Noun Chart For Class 7 or Types of Noun

Proper Noun
The name given to a particular person, place or thing.
The name given to a noun which is one of a kind or unique in its own.

  1. Vikramaditya was a just king.       (Proper Noun)
  2. Rajasthan is a sandy area.               (Proper Noun)

Common Noun
The name given, to the nouns of a same class is common noun.

  1.  Boys are hardworking.         (Common Noun)
  2.  Lions will never eat grass.   (Common Noun)

Sometimes proper nouns are used as common nouns when they represent the quality they possess. In such a case we use ‘the’ before the proper noun,

  1.  Rahul is the Sachin of our school.
  2. Vidya is the Rekha of the club.

Proper noun as common noun
This means Rahul is‘a very good cricketer’, like Sachin.

Proper noun as common noun
This means Vidya is ‘like the heroine Rekha’. Hence, here the proper nouns take article ‘the’.

Material Noun
Names given to the things which we cannot but can weigh or measure are material nouns.
Material objects are not the things in themselves but are used to produce new things from them.

  1.  Gold is a costly metal.          (Material Noun)
  2. Door is made up of plastic.  (Material Noun)

Collective Noun
Noun that refers to a group, collection or gathering is called collective noun.

  1.  The class seems to be noisy.         (Collective Noun)
  2.  A bunch of flowers is beautiful.   (Collective Noun)
    Noun Case Exercises For Class 7

Abstract Noun
Noun that is used for the action, state, quality is called abstract noun.

  1. Hunger made the farmer weary.      (Abstract Noun)
  2. Youth are’the future of the country  (Abstract Noun)

Nouns can further be classified as

(i) Countable Nouns
Nouns which can be counted are countable nouns,

  1.  Eggs are sold Rs. 60 a dozen.
  2.  Five new girls are admitted.
    Underlined words are examples of countable nouns.

(ii) Uncountable Noun
Nouns which can’t be counted are uncountable nouns.

  1. Milk is useful for everyone.
  2. Bread is given to the patients.

Noun : Number
Number is that grammatical entity that tells us about the fact if the noun is just one or more than one.

Types of Number
(i) Singular
If the noun is just one in number, it is singular, e.g. cow, boy, place, radio etc.
(ii) Plural
If the noun is more than one, it is plural, e.g. cows, boys, places, radios etc.

Rules for Changing the Singular into Plural

Rule 1
Nouns that end with a consonant are made plural by adding ‘-s’ to the singular.
Parrot    –     Parrots
Egg        –      Eggs
Boat       –     Boats
Actor     –     Actors
Cook     –      Cooks
Hat          –   Hats

Rule 2
Nouns that end with -s, -ss, -ch pluralised by adding ‘-es’.
Bus         –       Buses
Glass       –      Glasses
Bench     –      Benches
Bush       –      Bushes
Quiz        –     Quizzes
Tax          –     Taxes

Stomach    –     Stomachs
Monarch   –     Monarchs

Rule 3
Nouns that end with -o and there is a consonant before -o then plural is made by adding ‘-es’.
Tomato      –     Tomatoes
Mosquito    –    Mosquitoes
Mango       –      Mangoes
Hero          –      Heroes

Photo     –        Photos
Zero        –       Zeros

Rule 4
Nouns that end with -y and there is a consonant before -y, then plural is made by changing ‘y’ to ‘i’ and adding ‘-es’.
Fly        –       Flies
Story    –       Stories
Baby      –     Babies
Family  –     Families
Copy      –    Copies
Library   –   Libraries

Rule 5
Nouns that end with -y and there is a vowel before -y, then plural is made by adding ‘-s’.
Boy     –     Boys
Day      –   Days
Key      –   Keys
Way     –   Ways
Toy      –    Toys
Essay   –   Essays

Rule 6
Nouns that end with double vowel are pluralised by adding ‘-s’.
Tree     –       Trees
Bee       –      Bees
Zoo      –       Zoos
Radio    –     Radios
Portfolio –  Portfolios
Bamboo  –  Bamboos

Roof        Roofs

Rule 7
Some nouns are pluralised by the change in their inside vowel.
Tooth     –     Teeth
Foot        –     Feet
Mouse    –     Mice
Man       –     Men

Rule 8
Nouns that end with -f or -fe pluralised by adding ‘-es’ after -f or -fe is changed to ‘-v’.
Knife       –      Knives
Thief       –      Thieves
Wife        –      Wives
Life        –        Lives
Chief       –      Chiefs
Proof      –       Proofs
Scarf      –       Scarfs/Scarves

Rule 9
Compound nouns are pluralised by adding ‘-s’ to the principal word.
Step-son                 –           Step-sons
Brother-in-law        –        Brothers-in-law
Pea-cock Pea-cocks  –     Passer-by Passers-by

Man-servant    –      Men-servants
Lord-justice     –      Lord-justices

Rule 10
Nouns that end with ‘-man’ are made plural
changing ‘-man’ into ‘-men’.
Woman          –    Women
Postman         –    Postmen
Watchman    –    Watchmen
Chairman      –    Chairmen
Milkman       –     Milkmen
Fellowman    –    Fellowmen

Types of Gender

Noun : Gender
Gender of a noun denotes the difference they have in terms of their sex.

  1. Masculine Gender that denotes male sex.
    e.g. Boy, Horse, Father
  2. Feminine Gender that denotes female sex. e.g. Girl, Mare, Mother
  3. Common Gender that denotes either sex.
    e.g. Doctor, Teacher, Child
  4. Neuter Gender that denotes neuter things or non-living things.
    e.g. Pen, Table, Glass

Rules for Changing Masculine into Feminine

Rule 1
Masculine can be changed into feminine by adding ‘-ess’.
Poet       –     Poetess
Lion       –     Lioness
Host       –    Hostess
Giant     –     Giantess

God   –   Goddess

Rule 2
In some nouns,- ending in ‘r’, after
Masculine can be changed into feminine by adding ‘-ess’ removing the ‘vowel’ before the last letter.
Tiger        –    Tigress
Monitor   –    Monitress
Masculine can be changed into the feminine by using a completely different word.
Actor – Actress
Editor – Editress

Rule 3
King      –      Queen
Hero     –      Heroine
Uncle    –      Aunt
Husband  –  Wife

Rule 4
Feminine of the compound nouns are made by changing the masculine word of the compound noun that comes to the front.
She-bear          –         He-bear
Cow-calf         –           Bull-calf
She-goat           –        He-goat
Daughter-in-law  –  Son-in-law

Rule 5
Feminine of some masculine are made by removing the last vowel and consonant and then by adding ‘-ess’.
Governor     –     Governess
Murderer     –     Murderess

Duke      –     Duke

Rule 6
Compound nouns change their gender by changing masculine word into feminine coming later.
Headmaster     –    Headmistress
Grandfather   –      Grandmother
Milkman         –      Milkmaid
Peacock         –        Peahen

Practice Questions on Nouns For Class 7 and Solutions

Question 1:
In the sentences given below identify nouns and state what type of noun it is.

  1.  A dog likes to eat bread.
  2.  Police have given a grand party to public.
  3.  The monitor told the class to keep mum.
  4.  Hari likes to read Indian story always.
  5.  The Ganga flows from the Himalayas.
  6.  A Bengal tiger looks great.
  7.  A man was standing there.
  8.  Players were playing football.
  9.  Oranges are a costly fruit.
  10.  Eggs were broken by a boy.


  1.  Noun dog                 Common noun
    Noun bread              Common noun
  2.  Noun police             Collective
    Common noun
    Noun public             Collective noun
  3.  Noun monitor        Common noun
    Noun class              Collective noun
    Noun mum              Abstract noun
  4.  Noun Hari              Proper noun
    Noun Indian story                 Proper noun
  5.  Noun Ganga, Himalaya         Proper Noun
  6.  Noun Bengal tiger                   Proper noun
  7.  Noun Man                               Common noun
  8.  Noun Players                         Common noun
    Noun Football                         Proper noun
  9.  Noun Oranges                        Proper noun
    Noun Fruit                               Common noun
  10.  Noun Eggs                              Common noun
    Noun Boy                                Common noun

Question 2:
In the sentences given below some nouns are countable and some are uncountable. Find the noun and state what type it is.

  1.  Hari bought rice and pulse for himself.
  2.  Maruti is selling a number of cars.
  3.  The forest has many trees to cut.
  4.  Cow gives us milk to drink.
  5.  Labourer works hard to finish the work.
  6.  I love the sweets that are attractive.
  7.  Water is a very precious mineral.
  8.  The apples he bought were very raw.
  9.  There are many ways to solve a question.
  10.  A stampede occurred yesterday due to the crowd.


  1.  Uncountable pulse, rice (Material noun)
  2.  Countable car (Common noun)
  3.  Countable trees (Common noun)
  4.  Countable cow (Common noun)
    Uncountable milk (Material noun)
  5.  Countable laborer (Common noun)
    Uncountable work
  6. Uncountable sweets (Common noun)
  7.  Uncountable water (Material noun)
  8.  Countable apples (Proper noun)
  9.  Countable many ways, question (Common noun)
  10.  Countable crowd (Collective noun)

Question 3:
Fill in the blanks with suitable words.

  1.  A swarm of ………… are flying all around.
  2.  A …………… of musicians were performing.
  3.  Farmers keep a ……….. of buffaloes.
  4.  A …………. of girls could be seen here always.
  5.  The house was on the target by a gang of ……………
  6.  The board of ………….. decided to postpone it.
  7.  Mr Arora  booked ………….. of rooms in a hotel.
  8.  A troop of ………….. looks elegant on the go.
  9.  Forests show you a clump of …………..
  10.  The minister crossed with a heavy fleet of …………..


  1.  bees
  2.  band
  3.  herd
  4.  bevy
  5.  thieves
  6. directors
  7.  a suite
  8. lions
  9.  trees
  10. cars

Question 4:
Make the plurals of the nouns given below.

  1.  Owl
  2.  Prime Minister
  3.  Goat
  4. Brush
  5.  Key
  6.  Negro
  7.  Kiss
  8.  Dish
  9.  Lady
  10.  Dwarf
  11.  Farmer
  12. Queen
  13.  Step-son
  14.  Louse
  15.  Cargo


  1.  Owls
  2.  Prime Ministers
  3.  Goats
  4.  Brushes
  5.  Keys
  6. Negroes
  7.  Kisses
  8. Dishes
  9.  Ladies
  10.  Dwarfs
  11.  Farmers
  12.  Queens
  13.  Step-sons
  14. Lice
  15.  Cargoes

Question 5:
Match the following.
Nouns Worksheet For Class 7
(i)  (d)       (ii) (a)
(iii) (e)      (iv) (b)
(v) (c)

Question 6:
Fill in the blanks using the opposite gender of the noun given in the bracket.

  1.  She likes the ………… of this movie. (hero)
  2.  It is a ritual to ride a ………….. during the wedding procession. (horse)
  3.  Farmers keep the …………. for the production of egg. (cock)
  4.  The …………. didn’t respond to the call, (waitress)
  5.  The …………. killed the wild beast easily. (huntress)
  6.  A …………… can give birth to four puppies, (dog)
  7.  Life for a ………….. is luxurious. (queen)
  8.  The ………….. presented his poems. (poetess)
  9.  Katrina is a beautiful …………… (actor)
  10.  The …………. delivers milk to us daily, (milkman)


  1.  heroine
  2.  mare
  3.  hen
  4.  waiter
  5.  hunter
  6.  bitch
  7.  king
  8.  poet
  9.  actress
  10.  milkmaid

Question 7:
In the given sentences identify the case of the noun.

  1.  Prime Minister is going to Japan today.
  2.  Flowers smell so good.
  3.  Father teaches the child in the night.
  4.  Mohit is busy with school’s work.
  5.  The judge will sentence the thief later.
  6.  Anshu refused this on conscience’s call.
  7.  Vijay decorates the house beautifully.
  8. Jenifer’s decision can’t be changed now.
  9.  Sadhna is listening to Rahman’s music.
  10.  Umpire declared the batsman out now.


  1.  Subject     –    Prime Minister
  2.  Subject      –   Flowers
  3.  Subject     –    Father
    Object       –    Child
  4.  Subject      –   Mohit
    Possession  –  School’s
  5.  Subject       –   The judge
    Object        –    The thief
  6.  Subject     –     Anshu
    Possession  –  Conscience’s
  7.  Subject      –   Vijay
    Object       –    House
  8. Possession  – Jenifer’s
  9. Subject      –   Sadhna
    Possession –  Rahman’s
  10.  Subject     –   Umpire
    Object     –     Batsman

NCERT Solutions For Class 7 English Honeycomb Chivvy (Poem)

NCERT Solutions For Class 7 English Honeycomb Chivvy (Poem)

Page No: 70

A Working with the Poem

Question 1:
Discuss these questions in small groups before you answer them.

  1. When is a grown-up likely to say this? Don’t talk with your mouth full.
  2. When are you likely to be told this? Say thank you.
  3. When do you think an adult would say this? No one thinks you are funny.


  1. The grown-ups are likely to tell the children not to talk while their mouth is full of food.
  2. The children are likely to be reminded to Say thank you when they receive a gift or a favour from someone.
  3. Adults are likely to tell children, ‘no one thinks you are funny’ when the children are too shy to speak or perform before the others.

Question 2:
The last two lines of the poem are not prohibitions or instructions. What is the adult now asking the child to do? Do you think the poet is suggesting that this is unreasonable? Why?
The adult is now asking the child to think independently. The poet finds this entirely unreasonable because the young child has not been trained to use his mind. He has only been trained to follow the instructions given by the adults.

Question 3:
Why do you think grown-ups say the kind of things mentioned in the poem? Is it important that they teach children good manners, and how to behave in public?
The adults constantly give instructions to their children for various reasons. They try to train them to behave in a decent, well-mannered and Sophisticated way. This, however, robs away their childlike innocence.

Question 4:
If you had to make some rules for grown-ups to follow, what would you say? Make at least five Such rules. Arrange the lines as in a poem.
Don’t dictate and impose your rules. Your ways and thinking is different from ours and so are the times. Don’t talk over the phone while eating. Please spend some time with us.

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1:
Why do the grown-ups tell the children not to talk with their mouth full?
The grown-ups tell the children not to talk with their mouth ful of food because it is bad manners to talk while eating.

Question 2:
What all instructions are given by the adults regarding noise?
The adults tell the children not to make much noise, neither while talking nor while eating or walking.

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1:
What happens when the adults give too many instructions to their children?
When the adults give too many instructions to their children, they kill their children’s spontaneity and willingness to use his/her mind to understand life. These instructions rob away their innocence, making them dependent on their elders.

Extract Based Question

Directions (Q. Nos. 1-6) Read the extract given below and answer the following questions.

Sit up
Say please
Less noise
Shut the door behind you
Don’t drag your feet
Haven’t you got a hankie?
Take your hands out of your pocket
Pull your socks up
Stand straight.

Question 1:
Why is the child asked to stand straight?
The child is asked to stand straight because that shows that he is attentive.

Question 2:
What does walking by dragging feet suggest?
Dragging feet while walking suggests bad manners.

Question 3:
Make a sentence of your own using the word ‘drag.’
My brother forcibly dragged me to the fete.

Question 4:
Who is giving these instructions?
(a) The poet
(b) An adult
(c) A child
(d) The teacher
(b) An adult

Question 5:
To whom are these instructions being addressed?
(a) The poet
(b) An adult
(c) A child
(d) The teacher
(c) A child

Question 6:
Why would the child need a hankie?
(a) To clean his mouth.
(b) To clean his shoes.
(c) To clean his bag.
(d) To clean his slate.
(a)To clean his mouth.


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NCERT Solutions For Class 7 English Honeycomb Dad and the Cat and the Tree (Poem)

NCERT Solutions For Class 7 English Honeycomb Dad and the Cat and the Tree (Poem)

Page No: 110

A Working with the Poem

Question 1:
Why was Dad sure he wouldn’t fall?
The Dad was sure he wouldn’t fall because he was a good climber.

Question 2:
Which phrase in the poem expresses Dad’s Self-confidence best?
“Right just. Leave it to me.” “Easy as winking to a climber like me.”

Question 3:
Describe Plan A and its consequences.
According to Plan A, father would have reached the tree top with the help of the ladder. However, the ladder slipped and father fell on the ground.

Question 4:
Plan C was success. What went wrong then?
Even though Plan C was a success, it did not work out as planned. The moment the father reached the tree top, the cat jumped and touched the ground and was again out of father’s reach.

Question 5:
The cat was very happy to be on the ground. Pick out the phrase used to express this idea.
“Smiling and Smirking.”

Question 6:
Describe the Cat and the Dad situation in the beginning and at the end of the poem.
At the Onset, the cat was stuck on the tree and father was confident to be able to drive it away. By the time the poem ended, the cat was free and the father got stuck in the tree.

Question 7:
Why and when did Dad say each of the following?

  1. Fall
  2. Never mind
  3. Funny joke
  4. Rubbish


  1. When his wife warned him against falling, father with a great surprise said “fall?”
  2. Having fallen to the ground, the father did not give up and brushing the dirt from his hair and clothes said, “never mind.”
  3. When his wife again warned him against falling while he was executing Plan B, he found his wife’s warnings to be a “funny joke.”
  4. After the second fall, when his wife intervened saying that he might break his neck, he again dismissed her concern by saying, “rubbish.”

Question 8:
Do you find the poem humorous? Read aloud lines which make you laugh.
Of course. The poem is full of humour. The narrator’s father falling over and over again was quite humorous.
(a) “the cat gave a yell/ and sprang to the ground.”
(b) “it slipped. He landed in the flower bed.”

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1:
How many times does the narrator’s father try to climb the tree?
The narrator’s father tried to climb the tree thrice. To do SO, he executed Pan A, B and C.

Question 2:
State an adjective used to describe the tree.

Question 3:
From where did the narrator’ father get the ladder?
The narrator’s father got the ladder from the garden shed.

Question 4:
Why did Plan B fail?
Father swung himself on a branch and the branch broke. Thus, the Plan B failed.

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1:
Describe the tone in which the narrator’s father dismissed his wife’s warnings every single time.
When his wife warned him the first time, father was really astonished.  He thought how a good climber like him could fall. The Second time his wife warned him, he laughed at her finding her warning to be a funny joke.

Question 2:
Discuss plan A, B and C and the reasons for their respective failures.
According to Plan A, father would have reached the tree top with the help of the ladder. However, the ladder slipped and father fell on the ground.
Then, he thought of Plan B. He swung himself on the branch. But, the branch broke and father again fell on the ground.
Finally, he thought of Plan C. He thought of climbing the garden wall. However, even that did not work as planned.
The moment the father reached the tree top, the cat jumped and touched the ground and was again out of father’s reach.

Extract Based Questions

Extract 1

Directions (Q. Nos. 1-6). Read the extract given below and answer the following questions.

He got out the leadder
From the garden shed.
It slipped. He landed
In the flower bed.
“Never mind,’ said Dad,
Brushing the dirt
Off his hair and his face.
And his trousers and his shirt,

Question 1:
Does father lose all his hope of bringing the cat down?
No, he doesn’t lose hope because climbing up a tree was a child’s play for him. Therefore he know that he would be successful in his Venture.

Question 2:
Write two pairs of rhyming words from the extract.
Shed-bed; dirt-shirt

Question 3:
Does father lose hope?
No, father doesn’t lose hope because he had confidence in his skill of climbing up a tree.

Question 4:
Where did father bring the ladder from?
(a) Garden
(b) Flower bed
(c) Cow shed
(d) Drawing room
(a) Garden shed

Question 5:
What happens after the poet’s father fall off the ladder?
(a) He gives up.
(b) He gets up and goes to take rest.
(c) He gets up and plans for other trick.
(d) None of the above
(c) He gets up and plans for other trick.

Question 6:
Where all he cleans the dirt from?
(a) His shirts and trousers.
(b) His hair and face.
(c) Both (a) and (d)
(d) Only (b)
(c) both (a) and (d)

Extract 2

Directions (Q. Nos. 1-6) Read the extract given below and answer the following questions.

“We’ll try Plan B. Stand
Out of the way!’
Mum said, “Don’t fall
Again, O.K.?’
“Fall again? said Dad.
“Funny joke!’
Then he swung himself up
On a branch. It broke.

Question 1:
Why does father ask mother to stand away?
Father asks mother to stand out of the way that she might not get hurt.

Question 2:
How did father make an attempt to save the Cat for the Second time?
For the second time, instead of climbing up the ladder, he swung himself on a branch.

Question 3:
Was he successful in saving the cat this time?
No, he was not successful because the branch that he swung himself upon broke and he fell again.

Question 4:
What does mother Warn him?
(a) To give up
(b) To bring the cat down immediately
(c) To beware of dogs
(d) Not to fall again
(d) Not to fall again

Question 5:
How does father react at this?
(a) He finds it a funny joke
(b) He needs it seriously
(c) He obeys her advice
(d) He waits for the right way
(a) He finds it a funny joke

Question 6:
Mum Warned Dad to
(a) take medicines regularly.
(b) climb up the tree carefully.
(c) walk Slowly.
(d) stay silent.
(b) climb up the tree carefully

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NCERT Solutions For Class 7 English Honeycomb Garden Snake (Poem)

NCERT Solutions For Class 7 English Honeycomb Garden Snake (Poem)

Working with the Poem

Question 1:
Answer the following questions.

  1. Pick out the line that suggests that the child is afraid of snakes.
  2. Which line shows a complete change of the child’s attitude towards snakes? Read it aloud.
  3. “But mother says that kind is good…” What is mother referring to?


  1. “I saw a snake and ran away.”
  2. “I’ll stand aside and watch him pass.”
  3. The mother is referring to the garden snake.

Question 2:
Find the word that refers to the snake’s movements in the grass.

Question 3:
There are four pairs of rhyming words in the poem. Say them aloud.
(a) Good, food
(b) Pass, grass
(c) Away, say
(d) Mistake, snake

Question 4:
A snake has no legs or feet, but it moves very fast. Can you guess how? Discuss in the group.
A snake has no legs or feet. It wiggles on the surface.

Question 5:
Can you recall the word used for a cobra’s long sharp teeth? Where did you come across this word first?
A cobra’s long teeth are called fangs. I first came across this word on National Geographic Channel.

Very Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1:
Why did the narrator run away seeing the garden snake?
The narrator thought the snake to be dangerous and out of fear ran away.

Question 2:
What does a garden snake eat?
A garden snake survives on insects.

Short Answer Type Questions

Question 1:
What makes the child comfortable the next time he sees the garden snake?
The first time the child sees the snake, he is overcome with fear.
However, on being told by his mother that this particular snake is not dangerous, the child becomes comfortable the next time he encounters the garden snake.

Question 2:
What lesson does the young child narrator learn from his mother?
The young child narrator, in his ignorance, had assumed all kinds of snakes to be dangerous. However, from his mother he learnt that not every kind of snake is dangerous some are, most are not.
This makes him peacefully admire the garden snake whenever he saw it next. Also, the narrator learnt that it is important to gather knowledge about any new object or creature one encounters before making one’s opinion.

Extract Based Question

Directions (Q.Nos. 1-6) Read the extract given below and answer the following questions.

I saw a snake and ran away Some snakes are
dangerous, they say;
But mother says that kind is good,
And eats up insects for his food.

Question 1:
Why do you think the child ran away on seeing the snake?
Because the snake is a very dangerous creature and its fear is generally instilled in everybody from his very childhood.

Question 2:
What does the child’s mother say about snakes?
The child’s mother tells him that the kind of the snake that he saw was not so dangerous. It lived on insects only and did not harm others.

Question 3:
Is it good to play with snakes which are not very dangerous?
No, one should not at all do the courage of playing with the snakes because one cannot recognise which snakes are poisonous and which are not.

Question 4:
Why are snakes dangerous, according to you?
(a) Because they look very dangeorus
(b) Because their venom is poisonous
(c) Because they make terrible sounds
(d) Both ‘a’ and ‘b’
(d) Both ‘a’ and ‘b’

Question 5:
Why does the snake kill insects?
(a) Because he does not like them
(b) Because he wants to rule the forest
(c) Because he wants to eat them as a food
(d) Because he wants to save human beings
(c) Because he wants to eat them as a food.

What does the poet refer to as ‘they’ in the above stanza?
(a) Snakes
(b) Snake catchers
(c) Trees and bushes
(d) General people
(d) General people.

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